Aug. 2 (UPI) — On this date in history:
In 1776, the Declaration of Independence, adopted on July 4, was signed by members of the Continental Congress.
In 1923, U.S. President Warren G. Harding died of a stroke in a San Francisco hotel at the age of 58. He was succeeded by Vice President Calvin Coolidge.
In 1934, with the death of German President Paul von Hindenburg, Chancellor Adolf Hitler became absolute dictator of Germany under the title of fuehrer, or “leader.”
In 1968, a major earthquake in the Philippines rocked Manila, killing 307 people.
In 1974, John Dean, counsel to U.S. President Richard Nixon, was sentenced to one to four years in prison for his part in the Watergate coverup. Dean’s sentence was reduced and he was released after four months.
In 1985, 135 people died in the crash of a Delta Air Lines L-1011 jet at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.
In 1990, Iraq invaded neighboring Kuwait after weeks of tension over disputed land and oil production quotas.
In 1992, Jackie Joyner-Kersee became the first woman to win consecutive Olympic gold medals in the heptathlon.
In 2000, the Republican Party nominated George W. Bush and Dick Cheney to head its ticket for the November elections.
In 2018, Apple became the first publicly traded company to reach a trillion-dollar market capitalization.
In 2019, Puerto Rico swore in Pedro Pierluisi as its new governor. The territory’s Supreme Court ruled his installment as leader was unconstitutional and his term ended Aug. 7, 2019.